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Windmill near Rotterdam

Windmill near Rotterdam

Artist: Johan Barthold Jongkind (1819-1891)

Windmill near Rotterdam

Date: 1869
Medium: Watercolor and gouache with charcoal on paper
12 5/8 x 19 1/8 inches (32.07 x 48.59 cm)
Credit Line: Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Herman R. Sutherland
Object number: 76-32
Not on view
DescriptionWindmill sitting on riverbank in middleground, water in foreground. Sailboat at left, against low horizon.
Gallery Label

Johan Barthold Jongkind

Dutch, 1819–1891

Windmill near Rotterdam, 1869

Watercolor and gouache with charcoal on paper

Johan Barthold Jongkind moved to France in

the 1860s and played a crucial role in the rise of

Impressionist outdoor painting. He was particularly

interested in the medium of watercolor as a means

of capturing rapidly changing light and atmospheric

effects. This work was painted on one of many

summer return visits to his Dutch homeland.

Jongkind’s loose brushwork suggests the effect of a

breezy day on the canals of Holland as windmills

turn and boats ply their trade. Jongkind mentored

the young Impressionist painter Claude Monet,

who later described him as his “true master.”

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Herman R. Sutherland, 76-32